Do you know how to cut angles, make outline shapes and do layering? When you cut a piece of hair, do you know how that piece of hair is going to fall?
When you learn about cutting techniques, you should already have this sort of basic knowledge of how to cut hair and understand how a cut affects the way the hair will fall You can then learn how to give a finished hair cut more texture and make it softer and more flexible by reducing the hair internally. The technique you use to achieve this will depend on the result you require. In this section, we look at what techniques you can use.
Remember, once you know all the basic rules about cutting hair, you can start to break them and then you can become more creative.
Sectioning is a crucial element in achieving a balanced style. Most cuts are divided into segments: back, sides, front and interior.
It is important that you take clean, precise sections when you are making your partings or following your guidelines around the shape of your haircut. Your sections should correspond with your cutting line. For example, if your cutting line is horizontal, you should take a horizontal section or, if your cutting line is curved, you should take a curved section.
You should also note the features of your client’s head – the position of their eyes and ears, the shape of their nose, their hairline points, etc. Make sure you take enough sections. The more sections and guidelines you use in the neck, side and front areas, the easier you will find the cutting process. Remember, if you make your sections clean, you will get precise cutting lines.
Using guidelines is a very simple process. Cutting guidelines are specially prepared sections of hair. Each is cut so that both the length and cutting lines are visible. These guides can be followed throughout the cutting process to help you produce even and precise results. If you don’t have guidelines to follow – or you don’t follow the ones you’ve got - you are likely to end up with an uneven and unsuccessful haircut.
The first guideline When you have decided on the style and the length of your haircut, you can make your first cutting guide. This is the area that forms the foundation to a haircut. When you are learning the basic techniques of haircutting, it is important to have an understanding of how the foundations of haircuts work.
For example, it is easier at the beginning to learn to cut your perimeter shape first. This helps you to build the foundation (underpinning) or exterior shape of your haircuts. And this, in turn, gives you the guideline you will use to cut your interior shape, which is known as 'layering'.
Cutting lines Each style has a cutting pattern. (For more on cutting patterns, see the pages for all the different cuts in Haircuts.) Divide the head into segments and follow the cutting pattern of your chosen hairstyle. This way, you are sure to achieve the style your client has requested. ( by Francis Owen)